“A striking difference between Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and Tunisia’s Ennahda, on the one hand, and Libya’s Islamists on the other is the level of institutionalisation and interaction with the masses. In Gaddafi’s four decades in power, Libya’s Islamists could not build local support networks; develop organisational structures, hierarchies, or institutions; or create a parallel system of clinics and social services, as their counterparts in Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan were able to do.”
Islamists were expected to win in Libya, some even predicted a landslide, and the resounding success of the liberal National Forces Coalition, led by Mahmoud Jibril, was expected by nobody. Their success changes the theories concerning the Arab Spring after the victory of Islamists in Tunisia and Egypt and what happens in the future is much less clearer.
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